contemporary, relevant, provocative novellas
When I wrote To Thee is This World Given, both my first and second drafts were written longhand on yellow legal pads, and even as I typed the third draft, every iteration of each reworked sentence and paragraph was also handwritten on a combination of legal pads and post-it notes. The revisions to the fourth through the tenth, and final, draft were also longhand changes scribbled between the lines of the printed manuscripts.
I always assumed that my preference for longhand was just an old-school crutch, because my writing always seems to have a clarity, and, I don’t know, a tightness maybe, that my typing does not.
But it turns out that writing slowly actually does improve the quality of one’s writing. The results of a study in the British Journal of Psychology, released in January, showed that participants who were forced to slow down their writing by typing with only one hand wrote with greater sophistication than those who were allowed to type quickly with both hands.
Typing can be too fluent or too fast, and can actually impair the writing process….It seems that what we write is a product of the interactions between our thoughts and the tools we use to express them.
[S]lowing down participants’ typing by asking them to use only one hand, allowed more time for internal word search, resulting in a larger variety of words. Fast typists may have simply written the first word that came to mind.
Another study released in 2011 found that writing by hand strengthens the learning process, while typing impairs it.
The process of reading and writing involves a number of senses….When writing by hand, our brain receives feedback from our motor actions, together with the sensation of touching a pencil and paper. These kinds of feedback are significantly different from those we receive when touching and typing on a keyboard.
Our bodies are designed to interact with the world which surrounds us. We are living creatures, geared toward using physical objects — be it a book, a keyboard or a pen — to perform certain tasks.
For myself, I’ve always known that I’m able to see inconsistencies and weaknesses in my writing more vividly when I write by hand, and that they bother me more intensely, to the point I that can’t ignore them, then when I type.
One thing I’ve noticed in works by the indie authors that I have read, both fiction and non-fiction, is a hastiness. Even when the writing and editing are sound there is a hasty, rushed quality to it as if the author is not fully aware of what he or she has written.
It may be that the real difference between great authors and ordinary writers is not just innate talent, but the speed and haste with which they write; and that there is not a single word that a great author has not agonized over, not a single line included by accident, not a single chapter not paid close attention to.
Consider this quote from Hemingway:
Interviewer: How much rewriting do you do?
Hemingway: It depends. I rewrote the ending of Farewell to Arms, the last page of it, 39 times before I was satisfied.
Interviewer: Was there some technical problem there? What was it that had stumped you?
Hemingway: Getting the words right. —Ernest Hemingway, The Paris Review, Interview, 1956
Or this one from Faulkner:
Faulkner: Since none of my work has met my own standards, I must judge it on the basis of that one which caused me the most grief and anguish.
Interviewer: What work is that?
Faulkner: The Sound and the Fury. I wrote it five separate times, trying to tell the story, to rid myself of the dream which would continue to anguish me until I did. —William Faulkner, The Paris Review, Interview, 1956
Or this one from Renard:
Style means the right word. The rest matters little.
Or even this famous one from Twain:
The difference between the almost right word and the right word is … the difference between the lightning bug and the lightning.
So, if you would like to improve your writing… just slow down.
These studies may also help to explain the elements of great writing I wrote about in my post, A Few Thoughts on Writing (and Perhaps on Reviewing).